• Health insurance

    The Monopolies Commission calls for strengthening competition to improve health care for the insured and to reduce costs. Continue Reading
  • XXIst Main Report

    The Monopolies Commission has submitted its twenty-first Biennial Report to the Federal Minister of the Economy and Energy. Continue Reading
  • Postal Services

    The Monopolies Commission has submitted its ninth Special Report on the development of competition in the postal services markets. Continue Reading
  • Telecommunications

    The Monopolies Commission has submitted its Special Report on the development of competition on the telecommunications markets. Continue Reading
  • Energy

    The Monopolies Commission has submitted its Special Report on the development of competition in the markets of grid-bound electricity and gas supply. Continue Reading
  • Ministerial Authorisation

    The Monopolies Commission positions itself against a Ministerial Authorisation in the proposed concentration of Edeka/Kaiser's Tengelmann. Continue Reading
  • Railways

    The Monopolies Commission has submitted its fifth Special Report on the development of competition in the area of railway transport. Continue Reading
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XXIst Main Report: Competition 2016

Biennial Report of the Monopolies Commission under § 44(1) ARC, 20 September 2016


The Monopolies Commission has submitted its twenty-first Biennial Report ('Hauptgutachten') pursuant to § 44(1) of the Act Against Restraints on Competition (ARC) to the Federal Minister of the Economy and Energy. The Report is entitled:

"XXIst Main Report – Competition 2016".

The subject matters of the Report encompass the following:

  • The analysis of company concentration and the competition authorities' decision practice, as provided by law;
  • The following additional subjects: the ministerial proposal for a 9th amendment to the German ARC, the regulation of airports, the central marketing of football broadcasting rights, and digital markets: the sharing economy and FinTechs.

Separate Press Releases (PR) are available for the relevant sections of the Report.

The Monopolies Commission's recommendations relate to the following, among others:

  • The intensified monitoring of interests of institutional investors in several undertakings in one market (PR Company Concentration);

  • The extension of the scope of application of German merger control by means of a new – transaction volume based – notification threshold (PR 9th Amendment to the ARC);

  • The facilitation of damage claims for companies and consumers harmed by a cartel (PR 9th Amendment to the ARC);

  • The removal of liability gaps allowing corporate groups to escape cartel fines (PR 9th Amendment to the ARC);

  • The increased ex-post evaluation of decisions adopted by the competition authorities (PR Case Practice);

  • The regulation of airport charges by an independent central agency, the use of market-based instruments for the allocation of airport slots (time slots for take-off and landing), and the continued liberalisation of the ground handling services at airports (PR Airport Regulation);

  • The allocation of clearly defined broadcasting rights in the German football league (Bundesliga), and the increased coordination of EU competition authorities when they review varying broadcasting models (PR Bundesliga Broadcasting Rights);

  • The prevention of competition distortions between established service providers, such as taxi and private hiring vehicle (PHV) operators, and new service providers operating in the sharing economy, such as transportation services involving private drivers, by means of a revision of the existing regulation, and by introducing an adequate regulatory framework for novel services (PR Digital Markets);

  • The development of standards and compatible solutions for digitally rendered financial services, e.g., through access to IT interfaces, and with account taken of the effects that regulatory measures have on the development of cross-border services, e.g., as regards mandatory customer information (PR Digital Markets).


Press releases


XXIst Main Report

The Monopolies Commission is an independent expert committee, which advises the German government and legislature in the areas of competition policy-making and regulation. Its role and its competences are set out in §§ 44 - 47 of the Act Against Restraints on Competition (ARC) (Gesetz gegen Wettbewerbsbeschränkungen, GWB).

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